Nearly 6 months from their establishment the Special Courts and the Special Prosecution Office against Corruption and Organized Crime (SPAK) continue to be challenged by capacity building issues (human, financial and technical resources). Restrictions imposed as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic in early March 2020 further delayed the finalization of some of these processes. Regardless of these factors, the...
This policy paper explores the conceptual and structural challenges of developing and implementing CT and CVE policies by the Albanian government over the last two decades. The analysis focuses on the CT measures, recent shift to CVE policy, the challenges faced, their design, implementation, and monitoring, flaws and their alignment with EU policies and approach. It also focuses on...
The process for the re-evaluation of the candidates for the High Judicial Council and the High Prosecutorial Council have been concluded in November. However this process may not be considered completed if the high number of appeals to the Special Appeals College will not lead to the failure of the already confirmed candidates, although the General Meeting of the Prosecutors...
In this policy paper is assessed the possibility and is recommended the adoption of an administrative approach to fighting organised crime, as a separate policy but combined with other approaches to be used as a tool in efforts to combat crime, justice and improved security. The particularity of this approach is that, in addition to implementation at the national...
Since 2005 Albanian authorities have been able to use digital technology to conduct lawful interception of multiple targets and multiple communication devices. This trend has been driven by the need to keep up with effective investigation of crime, as the technology in the field of telecommunications has constantly developed. However, the effectiveness of such policy remains questionable as pointed...
This paper provides a critical viewpoint on the governance of Islam in Albania. Governance is understood as the relationship between state intervention and societal autonomy. The findings suggest that the governance of Islam in Albania is largely based on societal autonomy. The paper argues that this mode of governance, which has evolved since the end of the communist regime,...
Since the end of the cold war Albania and Turkey have developed a close security relation. This relation has been driven mostly by Turkey’s policy approach towards the Balkans and Albania’s need for a reliable security partner in the region. However, over the last decade Turkey has shown its readiness to pursue policies that are not always compatible with...
In the post cold period intelligence reform has been driven by the democratisation of intelligence and the introduction of norms and values that stand for the respect of fundamental human rights and civil liberties and the need for effective and timely intelligence to counter the new emerging threats. This paper analyses the intelligence reform in Albania by examining (1)...
The institution of free and fair elections is one of the fundamental criteria of democracy. In order to fulfil this criterion it is vital to choose an electoral system that serves two main principles: the guarantee of a representation that is as proportional as possible on the one hand and a stable government on the other. An electoral system...